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drugs : Against The Wall with JJink

Number of Marijuana Users Grows in the United States

October 4, 2016 by  
Filed under 420 news, General News

Evelyn Robinson /Against the Wall 60567160824797010213532

As of June, 2016, some 25 states and Washington D.C. have officially legalized the use of marijuana for medical purposes, with a further three states awaiting the results of ballot measures or pending law changes. Although medical marijuana laws are now the norm, their nature varies greatly from state to state, which has important implications as far as the health and welfare of citizens are concerned – especially those battling illnesses whose symptoms are eased by marijuana, including epilepsy and illness producing chronic pain. In some states, people are allowed to cultivate marijuana for medical use (limits on the number of permitted plants vary from state to state); among these states, some only permit people to grow marijuana if they do not have a state dispensary or for financial reasons. In other states, the term ‘medical marijuana’ simply refers to marijuana extract (not the plant or leaves).
Amidst these subtle differences with big implications, meanwhile, the use of marijuana for recreational in the United States has steadily increased over the past few years, owing in no small part to the decreased perception of the drug being harmful. A large-scale survey of over half a million adults, undertaken between 2002 and 2014 and published last month in The Lancet, has found that marijuana use continues to increase and that the drug has become increasingly more potent in the last decade. The authors of the study note that these new developments mean that improved education and prevention messages regarding the nature of and risk factors involved in using marijuana, must be aimed for.
The authors also noted that increased use of marijuana did not lead to greater abuse or dependence among adults in America. Thus far, the impact of state law changes need to be assessed, and continued monitoring of use and possible disorders, would be required.
The study showed that from 2002 to 2014, marijuana use increased from 10.4 per cent to 13.3 per cent; so, too, did the percentage of adults who first began using marijuana in the previous year, rise significantly (from 0.7 per cent to 1.1 per cent within the same time frame). More people are also using the drug on a daily basis – the percentage of those who take marijuana five days a week on average has risen from 1.9 per cent to 3.5 per cent. People also do not perceive that smoking marijuana is risky (33.3 per cent deemed the practice potentially harmful in 2014, compared to 50.4 per cent in 2002). The authors claim that changes in the perception of marijuana’s safety, began to change in 2007. The paradigm shift can partly be attributed to the legalization of medical marijuana in many states, and to its legalization for non-medical purposes, in several jurisdictions.
The fact that increased use has not led to greater abuse/addiction, reflects that possibility that those who have started using marijuana, or doing so less frequently. Those who have been found to be at a greater risk for addiction include males, the youth, those with lower levels of education, those who do not work full-time, persons with depression and those who consume tobacco or other substances.  Among adolescents, risk factors for the consumption of drugs include having a low grade point average, early alcohol used, low self-confidence, psychopathology, and having a poor relationship with their parents. Those whose personality tended to be sensation seeking, also had a higher likelihood of dabbling in marijuana and other drugs.
The authors stated, however, that the full effects of legalization needed to be studied over time, via large-scale surveys such as the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, and Monitoring the Future (which focuses on drug use among the youth). Comparisons should be made between sample populations in states that have legalized marijuana for both recreation and medical use, and those which have not.
The authors also noted that their survey, although large and extended in time, did not take into account specific members of the population (including the homeless, those who had been imprisoned, and those living in shelters). Therefore, the actual rate of those who use and abuse the drug, could actually be much higher. The study also failed to look into the link between serious psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, and the likelihood of marijuana use.
60567160824797010213532

Are Schools Asking to Drug Kids for Better Test Scores?

February 22, 2014 by  
Filed under General News

source:wsj.com

In the past two decades, the number of children diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder has nearly doubled. One in five American boys receives a diagnosis by age 17. More than 70% of those who are diagnosed—millions of children—are prescribed drugs.

A new book, “The ADHD Explosion” by                                     Stephen Hinshaw                                 and                                     Richard Scheffler,                                 looks at this extraordinary increase. What’s the explanation? Some rise in environmental toxins? Worse parenting? Better detection?

                         cat

Chris Silas Neal

Drs. Hinshaw and Scheffler—both of them at the University of California, Berkeley, my university—present some striking evidence that the answer lies, at least partly, in changes in educational policy.

Many people have suspected that there is a relationship between the explosion in ADHD diagnoses and the push by many states, over this same period, to evaluate schools and teachers based on test scores. But how could you tell? It could just be a coincidence that ADHD diagnoses and high-stakes testing have both increased so dramatically.

Drs. Hinshaw and Scheffler used a kind of “natural experiment.” Different parts of the country introduced new educational policies at different times. The researchers looked at the relationship between when a state introduced the policies and the rate of ADHD diagnoses. They found that right after the policies were introduced, the diagnoses increased dramatically. Moreover, the rise was particularly sharp for poor children in public schools.

                           cat

Drugs don’t ‘cure’ a disease called ADHD, the way that antibiotics cure pneumonia.                        Getty Images

The authors suggest that when schools are under pressure to produce high test scores, they become motivated, consciously or unconsciously, to encourage ADHD diagnoses—either because the drugs allow low-performing children to score better or because ADHD diagnoses can be used to exclude children from testing. They didn’t see comparable increases in places where the law kept school personnel from recommending ADHD medication to parents.

These results have implications for the whole way we think about ADHD. We think we know the difference between a disease and a social problem. A disease happens when a body breaks or is invaded by viruses or bacteria. You give patients the right treatment, and they are cured. A social problem—poverty, illiteracy, crime—happens when institutions fail, when instead of helping people to thrive they make them miserable.

Much debate over ADHD has focused on whether it is a disease or a problem, “biological” or “social.” But the research suggests that these are the wrong categories. Instead, it seems there is a biological continuum among children. Some have no trouble achieving even “unnatural” levels of highly focused attention, others find it nearly impossible to focus attention at all, and most are somewhere in between.

That variation didn’t matter much when we were hunters or farmers. But in our society, it matters terrifically. School is more essential for success, and a particular kind of highly focused attention is more essential for school.

The number of children diagnosed with ADHD has doubled in the past two decades, and some say the reason lies in educational policy. University of California Berkeley Psychology Professor Alison Gopnik joins Lunch Break to discuss. Photo: Getty.

Stimulant drugs don’t “cure” a disease called ADHD, the way that antibiotics cure pneumonia. Instead, they seem to shift attentional abilities along that continuum. They make everybody focus better, though sometimes with serious costs. For children at the far end of the continuum, the drugs may help make the difference between success and failure, or even life and death. But the drugs also lead to more focused attention, even in the elite college students who pop Adderall before an exam, risking substance abuse in the mad pursuit of even better grades.

For some children the benefits of the drugs may outweigh the drawbacks, but for many more the drugs don’t help and may harm. ADHD is both biological and social, and altering medical and educational institutions could help children thrive. Behavioral therapies can be very effective, but our medical culture makes it much easier to prescribe a pill. Instead of drugging children’s brains to get them to fit our schools, we could change our schools to accommodate a wider range of children’s brains

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Doctor: You Don’t Have ADHD. No One Does

February 18, 2014 by  
Filed under General News

Self Diagnoses Skyrocketing With Patients Seeking Stimulant Drugs

Do you take Adderall or Ritalin to deal with your inability to concentrate? Do you often proclaim that you, or your child perhaps, can’t sit still? You can’t concentrate or focus on tasks? Have you been diagnosed with ADHD? Well a new book written by neurologist Richard Saul is something you might want to pay your scant attention to.

 

The new book is titled “ADHD Does Not Exist: The Truth About Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder” and it’s likely to cause some people to actually pay attention. After his long career of treating patients, many self diagnosed, with short attention spans, Saul believes that ADHD is actually a collection of symptoms, not a disease. He doesn’t believe that it should be listed in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual.

Saul says that patients show up at the doctor’s office with their own ADHD diagnoses because everyone is talking about it and because they want drugs like Adderall and Ritalin. But he believes that’s dangerous because these drugs are stimulants for which people can develop a tolerance and eventually addiction.

ADHD first came about in 1980 and diagnoses have skyrocketed since then from 7.8 percent in 2003 to 9.5% in 2007 and to 11% in 2011. Basically one in nine children and two thirds of them are boys.

“ADHD makes a great excuse,” Saul says. “The diagnosis can be an easy-to-reach-for crutch. Moreover, there’s an attractive element to an ADHD diagnosis, especially in adults — it can be exciting to think of oneself as involved in many things at once, rather than stuck in a boring rut.”

Saul told the tale to the New York Post of a girl who was being treated fro ADHD because she was being disruptive in class due to not being able to see the blackboard. Apparently all she needed was glasses, not drugs.

“I know of far too many colleagues,” Saul says, “who are willing to write a prescription for a stimulant with only a cursory examination of the patient, such as the ‘two-minute checklist,’ for ADHD.”
Read more at TLR: Doctor: You Don’t Have ADHD. No One Does. | The Libertarian Republic http://thelibertarianrepublic.com/doctor-dont-adhd-one/#ixzz2tgEK3w8n Follow us: @LibRepublic on Twitter | LibertarianRepublic on Facebook

Just Say No to the War on Drugs

September 25, 2013 by  
Filed under General News

source:Rcooley123’sblog

Ever since President Nixon proclaimed the start of a War on Drugs some 40 years ago, prison populations in this country have grown far faster than the population as a whole. The United States now incarcerates a higher percentage of its population than any other nation in the world, largely due to laws related to this “war”.  Last week, while Congress continued its extended summer siesta, Attorney General Eric Holder announced some initiatives in the prosecution of the War on Drugs that may signal a significant shift in our criminal justice system in coming years.

In addition to the fact that our prisons are holding more prisoners per capita than any other nation, our judicial system has resulted in a situation where those incarcerated are dramatically over-representative of minority groups and poor people. Increasing evidence of discriminatory prosecution and sentencing that results in longer sentences for relatively minor and non-violent crimes is being seen by many as unfair to the prisoners, costly to taxpayers and counterproductive overall in terms of reducing crime and alleviating the perceived national drug problem.

Much of the legislation related to drug-related crimes appears to be discriminatory to people of color and those living in poverty, judging by the prison statistics. Inordinate numbers of racial minority group members tend to serve longer sentences for crimes which are often victimless. Strict marijuana laws are one example of this, as well as the huge disparity in sentences meted out for possession of various amounts of crack cocaine as opposed to powder cocaine. Serving prison sentences rather than receiving treatment for drug-dependence is often more costly to taxpayers and does little to alleviate the problem of recidivism once terms have been completed. Convicted felons face additional hardships in finding employment upon completion of sentences. Having more potential breadwinners in prison means more children living in one parent homes or foster care – in poverty.  States which have three-strikes rules also end up sentencing people to life sentences which are obviously excessive when compared to the severity of their crimes.

The proposals unveiled by Holder could mean an easing of the policies and practices which have resulted in our bloated prison population. Americans, as far as I can determine, are no more deserving of involuntary incarceration than citizens of other countries. That our laws and policies so blatantly discriminate against racial and ethnic minorities as well as those at the lower end of the socio-economic ladder is appalling. The whole nature of our current justice system serves to further exacerbate already an existing inequality of income and future opportunities for advancement among broad expanses of our society  People become disenfranchised politically in many states, as well. Many felons find they still may not be able to vote despite having paid their debt to society by serving their prison terms.

The whole War on Drugs has been a humongous waste of resources and lives without seeming to accomplish much of anything in terms of reducing the use of illegal drugs or the damage that dependence on them causes, both to those using them and to those affected by the users. The supplies of drugs do not seem to have dried up. Militarizing the war in countries such as Mexico and Columbia has not seemed to work. Drug cartels and gangs continue to proliferate at home and abroad, in some cases exhibiting more powerful than the governments that rule them. Prohibition of some of these drugs seems to parallel the failed prohibition of alcohol in the U.S. during part of the 20th century. Some states have begun easing restrictions on marijuana, and many have even legalized it for medicinal purposes, but they have also often found themselves at odds with a federal government which adamantly opposes any lessening of its opposition to the drug. Holder made no attempt to address the issue of marijuana legalization, but that is not his job. The laws regarding this need to be addressed by Congress before real lasting change can occur on this issue.

Changes to sentencing guidelines and policies regarding how drug-related offenses are to be handled by the judicial system should ease much of the prison crowding and alleviate some of the dysfunctional nature of our current prison system.  Cost-cutting measures like prison privatization will only make matters worse if trends continue. Prisons, like schools, have a social value that should not be based on how much profit they can gain some private corporation. They are meant to serve society as a whole, not merely corporate stockholders, and the wellbeing of prisoners as well as students as human beings needs to be foremost. There are currently two county judges where I live serving prison terms for taking kickbacks for sending kids to a private juvenile facility to keep it sufficiently occupied. Is it any wonder why private prison companies want more, not fewer, prisoners? We currently spend far more per person to incarcerate people in this country than to educate them. That situation should be reversed.

Ruining the lives of young poor people for possessing a small quantity of a relatively harmless substance while allowing supposedly fine upstanding people to use their wealth, power and political influence to live in luxury while decimating the economy and taking away others’ livelihoods, homes and health is not how a just society operates. Turning the tide of a War on Drugs that has been a failure for decades and caused more harm than good for society as a whole would be a good start to alleviating some of the problems faced by our prison system and society as a whole.

The actions proposed by the Attorney General, along with the decision last week regarding the racial profiling practiced under New York City’s Stop and Frisk policy are only a beginning. More rational and humane drug policy at federal, state and local levels are a must in order to maintain momentum.  Conditions in our prisons must be improved. That can only happen if we use a more fair system for determining how to deal with acts that so many no longer feel should be illegal. As the case with marriage equality has seen great strides in the recent past, much of the drug war must become a thing of the past so that the entire nation’s prisons do not become like the California system, where judges are ordering the release of prisoners to alleviate overcrowding which has reached the level of cruel and unusual punishment. Something is wrong somewhere in the system when you can’t adequately house and care for  all the people you seem to feel do not deserve to live freely.

source:

Heroin, amphetamines head list of problem drugs

August 28, 2013 by  
Filed under General News

Heroin, amphetamines head list of problem drugs (via AFP)

Heroin accounted for more than half of the 78,000 deaths from illegal drugs in 2010, but amphetamine had most addicts, researchers reported in The Lancet on Wednesday. In a wide-ranging probe into the health impacts from four illicit drugs, a team led…

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A Drug Recall That Should Frighten Us All About The FDA

July 1, 2013 by  
Filed under General News

source:forbes

Pay attention, as I can’t say this seriously enough. Last week, the FDA took a drug off the market, and the reasons should send shivers of fear down the backs of consumers, investors, generic drug companies – and the FDA.

The FDA announced last week that the 300mg generic version of Wellbutrin XL manufactured by Impax Laboratories and marketed by Teva Pharmaceuticals was being recalled because it did not work. And this wasn’t just a problem with one batch – this is a problem that has been going on with this particular drug for four or five years, and the FDA did everything it could to ignore it.

The FDA apparently approved this drug – and others like it – without testing it. The FDA just assumed if one dosage strength the drug companies submitted for approval works, then the other higher dosages work fine also. With this generic, American consumers became the FDA’s guinea pigs to see if the FDA’s assumption was right. It wasn’t.

Background

In December 2006, the first generic versions of the popular anti-depressant Wellbutrin XL were approved by the FDA.  The drug comes in two dosage strengths, 150 milligrams and 300mg. The 300mg dose is generally used for patients with more severe depression and anxiety and patients who don’t respond to the lower dose.  The FDA approved generic versions of both dosage strengths from a few generic drug companies: Teva Pharmaceuticals (manufactured by Impax Laboratories and marketed by Teva Pharmaceuticals), Anchen, Actavis, Watson Pharmaceuticals and Mylan Pharmaceuticals.  Almost immediately, the FDA started receiving reports from patients that claimed the 300mg dose was being associated with side effects and reduced efficacy.

The People’s Pharmacy, a well-known syndicated radio and newspaper columnist husband and wife team, notified the FDA that hundreds of patients had logged their own complaints of side effects with the then-recently approved generic version of Wellbutrin XL. The FDA brushed off the People’s Pharmacy and others that raised the issue, stating that they had faith that the drugs were equivalent and that perhaps the patients, who had mental disease, were more prone to perceived problems with a change in the medication than others. This was seen by many as essentially telling patients “it’s all in their head.”  After several more years and public outcry, the FDA was forced to take action.

What Action Did The FDA Take?

Instead of doing its own study on the drug, the FDA asked the drug maker to conduct a study to determine whether the generic drug was equivalent to the brand.  The FDA, in their recent press release, claims that Teva started the trial but later abandoned it because of slow patient enrollment. It was already 2010, several years after knowing there was a problem, the FDA was forced to do its own study.

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27 Years Later and there is No Deaths from Vitamins but 3 Million Dead from Pharmaceutical Drugs

May 9, 2013 by  
Filed under General News

source:naturalnews.com

Despite mainstream medical establishments and media outlets portraying  multivitamin supplements as worthless and oftentimes toxic, vitamins have led to  0 deaths over the past 27 years. In contrast, pharmaceutical drugs were  responsible for 3 million deaths, topping the death toll from traffic-related  incidents. In 2009, pharmaceuticals were responsible for the death of 37,485  people nationwide.
The statistics come from the Annual Report of the  American Association of Poison Control Centers’ National Poison Data System  (NPDS), and the findings go against the claims of most mainstream doctors and  medical officials, who claim that pharmaceutical drugs are the only  ‘science-backed’ method to ‘treating’ illness. However, the report highlights  the fact that pharmaceuticals oftentimes lead to death and countless other side  effects. In fact, the number of hospitalizations and side effects were not  documented by the report. While the report only detailed the 3 million deaths as  a result of drug use, countless other adverse health effects have been linked to  popular pharmaceuticals such as cold and allergy medications.
Shockingly,  the average drug label contains around 70 negative side effects, though many  popular brand name drugs have been found to contain 100 to 125. Some drugs even  list around 525 negative effects on the label. These drugs are being prescribed  by doctors to ‘treat’ patients, when the drug side effects are routinely worse  than the very illness they claim to treat.
These side effects are one  reason that the FDA is now pulling over 500 cold and allergy drugs off of  pharmacy store shelves. What the FDA is not addressing, however, are the  negative effects associated with the top-selling therapeutic class  pharmaceutical drug —  antipsychotics. Drugs, which are prescribed to ‘treat’ suicidal thoughts and  behavior, have been found to actually lead to suicide and other diseases such as  diabetes. The side effects were so significant that even U.S. pediatric health  advisers have begun speaking out to the media, citing the link between  antipsychotics and diabetes.
Previous whistleblowers exposed the link  between mental health drugs  and suicide after it was covered up by the makers of the drugs. Eli Lilly &  Co, the makers of Prozac, ignored and hid studies as far back as the 1980s that  found Prozac led to suicidal thoughts. Until Harvard Physicist Martin Teicher  leaked the findings to the press, the company managed to hide the news from  consumers worldwide.
Teicher said that the American people were being  “treated like guinea pigs in a massive pharmaceutical  experiment.”
Pharmaceutical drugs are loaded with toxic side effects and  do not eliminate the root cause of disease they claim to treat. Killing 3  million within the last 27 years, and topping traffic fatalities each year,  pharmaceutical drugs are a deadly and ineffective option when it comes to  combating disease.
Sources for this article include:
http://naturalsociety.com/drug-deaths-now-outnumber-traffic-fatalitie… http://www.aapcc.org/dnn/Portals/0/2009%20AR.pdf http://naturalsociety.com/drug-labels-contain-70-negative-side-effect… http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-

About the author

Anthony Gucciardi is a health activist and wellness  researcher, whose goal is centered around educating the general public as to how  they may obtain optimum health. He has authored countless articles highlighting  the benefits of natural health, as well as exposing the pharmaceutical industry.  Anthony is the creator of Natural Society (http://www.NaturalSociety.com), a natural health website.  Anthony has been accurately interpreting national and international events for  years within his numerous political articles. Anthony’s articles have been seen  by millions around the world, and hosted on multiple top news websites.
Learn more:  http://www.naturalnews.com/034372_vitamins_pharmaceuticals_deaths.html#ixzz2SnMeshR6

Incredible! NYT pushing toxic cancer drugs for healthy women who have no cancer

April 29, 2013 by  
Filed under General News

source:naturalnews

NaturalNews) A taxpayer-funded government task force has issued new guidelines  that literally urge healthy women to take toxic cancer drugs  “preventively” in order to allegedly decrease their risk of developing breast  cancer. As recently promoted by The New York Times (NYT), these shocking  new recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)  have been issued despite a complete lack of evidence that the dangerous cancer  drugs being recommended have any preventive efficacy  whatsoever.
Fortifying earlier recommendations from 2002 that encouraged  both tamoxifen and raloxifene as so-called preventive breast cancer treatment,  USPSTF now says that healthy women with either a personal or family history of  breast cancer, or who are considered “high risk,” should consider taking either  of the two drugs for at least five years, even though doing so could cause major  side effects like blood clots or stroke. USPSTF is also now pressing doctors to  being actively prescribing such drugs to their healthy female patients, and  particularly those between the ages of 40 and 70.
The task force says it  recently evaluated a host of new data on the subject of breast cancer prevention  and determined that taking either tamoxifen or raloxifene while healthy may help  block estrogen, a hormone that feeds roughly 75 percent of the type of breast  cancers that women today face. The group estimates that for every 1,000 healthy  women who take either of the two drugs, roughly eight of them  will avoid developing breast cancer in the following five years.

Target group for preventive cancer therapy will not even benefit from it,  admits report

However, as many as seven additional women per 1,000 taking  tamoxifen or raloxifene will also admittedly develop blood clots during the same  time frame, according to the report, while about four others per 1,000 will  develop uterine cancer from  the drugs. These figures represent a doubled risk of both conditions as a result  of taking either of the two drugs preventively rather than doing nothing at all,  which means millions of women are now at substantial health risk due to USPSTF’s  recommendations.
Beyond this, the very target group that USPSTF is now  urging to take cancer drugs preventively is actually the least likely to derive  any benefits from the “treatment.” As it turns out, the vast majority of healthy  women considered to be at high risk of developing breast  cancer will never develop breast cancer, according to the report. And most  breast cancer cases occur in women who were never identified as being “high  risk” in the first place, which makes USPSTF’s new recommendations  laughable.
“Most women identified as ‘high risk’  will not develop breast cancer,” explains the report, which also duplicitously  states that “high risk,” healthy women should be first in line to take the drugs  preventively. “[T]he majority of breast cancer cases will arise in women who are  not identified as having increased risk.”

Let your voice be heard: Comment on proposed new guidelines before May  13

The primary entity that will benefit from USPSTF’s obvious affront to  common sense is the cancer industry, which will have the opportunity to sell its  toxic cancer pills to a whole new market of healthy  women that do not need them. The losers, of course, will be those gullible  members of the public that fall for the ridiculous shenanigan.
But you  can help stop the recommendations from gaining official status by making your  voice heard on the published draft form. Public comments will be accepted until  May 13, and you can leave them at the following link:
http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/draftrec4.htm

Learn more:  http://www.naturalnews.com/040106_breast_cancer_New_York_Times_treatment.html#ixzz2Rr39bZC4

US Drug Czar: Federal Marijuana Laws Prevail, Expect Arrests to Continue

April 19, 2013 by  
Filed under 420 news, General News

source:thedailychronic

WASHINGTON, DC — President Barack Obama’s drug czar toed a strict line on marijuana Wednesday, saying federal laws will prevail regardless of state-level efforts to legalize cannabis.

Gil Kerlikowske said enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 — which ranks marijuana as a Schedule One drug alongside heroin, LSD and ecstasy — remains in the hands of the US Department of Justice.

“No state, no executive can nullify a statute that has been passed by Congress,” the director of the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy told a National Press Club luncheon.

“Let’s be clear: law enforcement officers take an oath of office to uphold federal law and they are going to continue to pursue drug traffickers and drug dealers,” he said.

Voters in Colorado and Washington last November approved proposals to legalize the possession of small quantities of marijuana by individuals in their respective states.

Earlier this month, a Pew Research Center opinion poll indicated that for the first time in more than four decades of polling on the issue, a majority of Americans — 52 percent — think marijuana should be legalized.

Several states have approved the medical use of marijuana with a doctor’s prescription, and the first marijuana clinic in the nation’s capital, just up the street from the Capitol, is near opening its doors.

New York’s Governor Andrew Cuomo is meanwhile pressing his state’s legislature to decriminalize the possession in public view of less than 15 grams of marijuana.

But to the dismay of pot campaigners, many of whom voted to re-elect the Democratic president, the Obama administration has maintained its predecessors’ tough stance on marijuana as part of a broader, never-ending “war on drugs.”

Under US federal law, possession of marijuana is punishable by up to a year in prison and a $1,000 fine for a first offense, going up to three years and $5,000 for repeat offenses.

On its website, the Office of National Drug Control Policy says marijuana has “a high potential for abuse and no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States” as well as a raft of health risks.

Last week, the head of the US Drug Enforcement Agency, Michele Leonhart, told Congress it had seized $2.8 billion dollars in illicit drugs assets and profits, including some $750 million in cash.

Kerlikowske said the legalization of marijuana in Colorado and Washington presented “a complex set of questions” to health professionals, school administrators, elected officials and law enforcement officers.

The former police chief of Seattle, Washington acknowledged that the drug debate in the United States is “extremely polarized” between those favoring wholesale legalization and those who prefer an iron-fisted crackdown.

“Neither of these extreme positions presents a 21st-century approach,” said Kerlikowske.

Legislation, the Respect State Marijuana Laws Act, has been introduced in Congress that would end the enforcement of federal marijuana laws in states that have either legalized it or adopted medical marijuana laws.

Big Pharma Pockets $711 Billion in Profits by Robbing Seniors, Taxpayers

April 10, 2013 by  
Filed under General News

source:Ethan Rome

Here’s an outrage that must be changed: Big Pharma has been systematically price-gouging the Medicare program for seniors and people with disabilities — and raking in billions in excessive profits. The 11 largest global drug companies made an astonishing $711 billion in profits over the 10 years ending in 2012, and they got a turbo-charged boost when the Medicare Part D prescription drug program started in 2006, according to an analysis of corporate filings by Health Care for America Now (HCAN).
The drug companies hold the power to charge America’s consumers whatever they want. Worse, Medicare — the nation’s largest purchaser of drugs — is prohibited by law from seeking better prices. The result of this shortsighted policy is dramatic. In 2006, the first year of Medicare’s prescription drug program, the combined profits of the largest drug companies soared 34 percent to $76.3 billion. And unlike other industries, such as Big Oil, drug companies get something even better than a tax subsidy — they get a government program.

There is nothing wrong with a company making profits — that’s what they’re supposed to do. But the drug industry’s profits are excessive as a result of overcharging American consumers and taxpayers. We pay significantly more than any other country for the exact same drugs. Per capita drug spending in the U.S. is about 40 percent higher than in Canada, 75 percent greater than in Japan and nearly triple the amount spent in Denmark.

Combined Net Profits of Top Pharmaceutical Companies Medicare Part D
HCAN reviewed the last decade’s financial filings from the 11 prescription drug giants: Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, Novartis, Merck, Roche, Sanofi-Aventis, GlaxoSmithKline, Abbott Laboratories, AstraZeneca, Eli Lilly and Bristol-Myers Squibb. Even as millions of Americans struggle to afford their medicines and as Republicans in Congress threaten to cut seniors’ benefits, these corporate behemoths have extracted $711.4 billion in profits for Wall Street investors. The drug companies’ annual profits reached $83.9 billion in 2012, a 62 percent jump from 2003.

The drug companies, of course, say they have no choice and need to charge outrageous prices to pay for research that enables them to innovate and develop new drugs that save our lives. But that’s not true. Half of the scientifically innovative drugs approved in the U.S. from 1998 to 2007 resulted from research at universities and biotech firms, not big drug companies. And despite their rhetoric, drug companies spend 19 times more on marketing than on research and development.

Net Profits of Top Pharmaceutical Companies

There are two reasons why it matters that the drug industry is booking eye-popping profits. First, American consumers and taxpayers are footing the bill, and second, we could do something about it.
It’s against federal law for Medicare, the nation’s biggest health plan, to use its unparalleled market power to reduce the cost of prescription drugs. This makes no sense. If the policy were changed, taxpayers and consumers would save huge amounts of money.

Simply empowering Medicare to get the same bulk purchasing discounts on prescription drugs as state Medicaid programs would save the federal government $137 billion over 10 years, according to the Congressional Budget Office. Eliminating price-gouging on that scale would go a long way toward addressing the fiscal challenges that are constantly under discussion in Washington — without harming seniors and middle-class families. This proposal has been supported by President Obama and is in the House Democrats’ budget plan. It is reportedly in the president’s 2014 budget plan as well.

Our politicians give all kinds of tax breaks and subsidies to big corporations that don’t need them: Big Oil. Wall Street. Companies that ship our jobs overseas. Every gift to a special interest, including allowing Big Pharma to overcharge Medicare, is an expenditure of scarce tax dollars. That’s called wasteful spending.

When it comes to addressing our country’s fiscal challenges, we shouldn’t even talk about cutting Medicare or any services people depend on, as the Republicans have proposed. Instead, we should eliminate indefensible special-interest tax breaks and subsidies for big corporations that don’t need them

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